Combretum collinum Fresen.

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Combretum collinum

Picture: Helen Pickering
Farmland just below the Makuni ridge about 7 km east of the road between Livingstone and the Falls, turn off about 200m south of the Maramba river. At entrance to farm take right hand fork walk about 400m trees on right

Combretum collinum

Picture: Helen Pickering
Farmland just below the Makuni ridge about 7 km east of the road between Livingstone and the Falls, turn off about 200m south of the Maramba river. At entrance to farm take right hand fork walk about 400m trees on right

Combretum collinum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Combretum collinum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Combretum collinum

Drawing: Suzanne Carter

Combretum collinum

Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Combretum binderanum Kotschy
Combretum burttii Exell
Combretum cognatum Diels
Combretum collinum Fresen. subsp. gazense (Swynn. & Baker f.) Okafor
Combretum collinum Fresen. subsp. ondongense (Engl. & Diels) Okafor
Combretum collinum Fresen. subsp. suluense (Engl. & Diels) Okafor
Combretum collinum Fresen. subsp. taborense (Engl.) Okafor
Combretum gazense Swynn. & Baker f.
Combretum junodii Dummer
Combretum mechowianum O. Hoffm.
Combretum ondongense Engl. & Diels
Combretum suluense Engl. & Diels
Combretum taborense Engl.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Small to medium-sized tree. Leaves opposite, more or less broadly elliptic, ovate or obovate, usually up to 10cm long, rarely larger, dark green above, paler green to silvery below, with or without woolly hairs and tiny scales; hairtuft domatia sometimes present in the vein axils below; margin entire. Flowers up to 5 mm in diameter, cream to yellow, in axillary spikes, usually 5-6 cm long. Fruit 4-winged, variable in outline, sometimes narrowly pointed at the apex (see photos), dark chocolate-brown to deep golden-brown when ripe, often with a metallic sheen caused by small scales.
Type location:
Ethiopia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: collinum: of the hills, growing on hills
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 27 October 2014
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 129.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Pages 672 - 673. As Combretum collinum subsp. taborense, subsp. gazense and subsp. suluense (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 25.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 473 - 475. as C. collinum subsp. suluense and subsp. gazense

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 117 - 120.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 47. as subspp. gazense, ondongense and suluense

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 55. as Combretum mechowianum

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 69.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Other sources of information about Combretum collinum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Combretum collinum
Flora of Caprivi: Combretum collinum
Flora of Malawi: Combretum collinum
Flora of Mozambique: Combretum collinum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Combretum collinum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Combretum collinum
African Plant Database: Combretum collinum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Combretum collinum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Combretum collinum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Combretum collinum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Combretum collinum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Combretum collinum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Combretum collinum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Combretum collinum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Combretum collinum
Ispot Southern Africa: Combretum collinum
JSTOR Plant Science: Combretum collinum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Combretum collinum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Combretum collinum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Combretum collinum
Tropicos: Combretum collinum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Combretum collinum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141830, retrieved 14 November 2018

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