Dissotis princeps (Kunth) Triana
var. princeps

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Dissotis princeps var. princeps

Picture: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Dissotis princeps var. princeps

Picture: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

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Synonyms: Dissotis eximia (Sond.) Hook. f.
Dissotis verticillata De Wild.
Osbeckia eximia Sond.
Osbeckia princeps (Kunth) DC.
Rhexia princeps Kunth
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
A soft wooded shrub, up to 3 m. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, densely covered in appressed rough hairs on both surfaces; 5-7-veined from the base. Flowers large in dense terminal inflorescences, corolla violet.
Type location:
Probably Mozambique
Notes: Two varieties are recognized: Var. princeps has elongated receptacle-appendages, which are densely covered in long bristles. Var. candolleana (Cogn.) A. & R. Fernandes has short receptacle-appendages, sparsely covered in short and weak bristles.
Derivation of specific name: princeps: most distinguished, princely
Habitat: Along margins of forest, in wooded grassland, on stream banks, in marshy areas and vleis.
Altitude range: 1200 - 2200 m
Flowering time:May - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,E,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 208. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 705. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 22.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 86.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 264. As Dissotis princeps

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 278 - 279. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. & A. (1961). Contribution to the knowledge of the MELASTOMATOIDEAE of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Kirkia 1 Page 76.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Melastomataceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 263 - 264.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 61.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 77.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 87, plates 118 & 119

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 466 - 467. As Dissotis princeps (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 85.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 57.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 120.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Dissotis princeps var. princeps:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dissotis princeps var. princeps
Flora of Malawi: Dissotis princeps var. princeps
Flora of Mozambique: Dissotis princeps var. princeps
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dissotis princeps var. princeps

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dissotis princeps
African Plant Database: Dissotis princeps
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dissotis princeps
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dissotis princeps
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dissotis princeps
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Dissotis princeps
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dissotis princeps
JSTOR Plant Science: Dissotis princeps
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dissotis princeps
Plants of the World Online: Dissotis princeps
Tropicos: Dissotis princeps
Wikipedia: Dissotis princeps

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Dissotis princeps var. princeps.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142560, retrieved 13 April 2024

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