Azima tetracantha Lam.

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Azima tetracantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Azima tetracantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Azima tetracantha

Picture: Bart Wursten
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Common names:
Status: Native
Spiny scrambling shrub. Spines often in whorls of 4; branches 4-angled. Leaves elliptic to oblong, leathery, sharp-tipped at the apex. Flowers in axillary catkin-like inflorescences, greenish, sometimes flushed pink; sexes separate on different trees. Fruit thinly fleshy subspherical with a pointed tip, yellowish to white when ripe.
Type location:
Syntypes from East Indies and plants cultivated in France
Derivation of specific name: tetracantha: with 4 spines.
Habitat: In hot, dry riverine scrub, particularly on alluvial or saline soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:Sep - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread from Somalia, through East and Central Africa to Namibia and South Africa. Also in Madagascar, Aldabara, Comoro islands and from Arabia to India and Sri Lanka and the Philippines.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 13 September 2017

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 921.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 107.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 267.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 536 - 537. (Includes a picture).

Vickery, A.R. (1983). Salvadoraceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 375 - 376. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Azima tetracantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Azima tetracantha
Flora of Mozambique: Azima tetracantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Azima tetracantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Azima tetracantha
African Plant Database: Azima tetracantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Azima tetracantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Azima tetracantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Azima tetracantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Azima tetracantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Azima tetracantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Azima tetracantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Azima tetracantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Azima tetracantha
Ispot Southern Africa: Azima tetracantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Azima tetracantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Azima tetracantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Azima tetracantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Azima tetracantha
Tropicos: Azima tetracantha

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Azima tetracantha., retrieved 21 February 2018

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