Nymphoides senegalensis (G.Don) Tippery

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Nymphoides senegalensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Nymphoides senegalensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Synonyms: Limnanthemum senegalense (G.Don) N.E.Br.
Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze subsp. occidentalis A. Raynal
Villarsia senegalensis G.Don
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Aquatic perennial herb. Stolons tufted, numerous, floating. Leaves circular, 5-15 cm in diameter, rarely larger. Flowers white with a yellow tube, lobes c. twice as long as the tube; sepals spreading, later closing around the capsule. Capsule ovoid, 4-5 mm in diameter, shorter than the calyx.
Type location:
Cameroon
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: senegalensis: of Senegal.
Habitat: In lakes, pools, swamps and rivers, sometimes in seasonal pools as it is capable of withstanding periods of drying up.
Altitude range: Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Aquatic.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Ellery, K. & W. (1997). Plants of the Okavango Delta, a Field Guide Tsaro Publishers, Durban, South Africa Page 146. As N. indica. subsp. occidentalis

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 401. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. (1990). Menyanthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Pages 52 - 54. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 62. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 79. As N. indica. subsp. occidentalis

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 83. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (2011). Wild flowers, Waterplants and Grasses of the Okavango Delta and Kalahari "Did You Know" nature series Struik Nature for Veronica Roodt Publications Page 38. As N. indica. subsp. occidentalis (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 86. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 219. as N. indica subsp. occidentalis

Other sources of information about Nymphoides senegalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Nymphoides senegalensis
Flora of Caprivi: Nymphoides senegalensis
Flora of Malawi: Nymphoides senegalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Nymphoides senegalensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Nymphoides senegalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Nymphoides senegalensis
African Plant Database: Nymphoides senegalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Nymphoides senegalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Nymphoides senegalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Nymphoides senegalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Nymphoides senegalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Nymphoides senegalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Nymphoides senegalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Nymphoides senegalensis
Plants of the World Online: Nymphoides senegalensis
Tropicos: Nymphoides senegalensis
Wikipedia: Nymphoides senegalensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Nymphoides senegalensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144870, retrieved 27 May 2024

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