Landolphia kirkii Dyer ex Hook. f.

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Landolphia kirkii

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Landolphia kirkii

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Landolphia kirkii

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Landolphia kirkii

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Landolphia kirkii

Habit
Sand dune
Lake Bangweulu, Samfya Distr.
Feb 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Landolphia kirkii

Inflorescences
Sand dune
Lake Bangweulu, Samfya Distr.
Feb 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Landolphia kirkii

Sand dune
Lake Bangweulu, Samfya Distr.
Feb 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Landolphia kirkii

Sand dune
Lake Bangweulu, Samfya Distr.
Feb 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

Landolphia kirkii

Fruit
Sand dune
Lake Bangweulu, Samfya Distr.
Feb 2022
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Landolphia delagoensis (Dewèvre) Pierre
Vahea kirkii (Dyer ex Hook. f.) Sadeb.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling shrub or liane with numerous strong tendrils formed by the inflorescence branches. Leaves oblong to narrowly ovate, up to c. 9 cm long, glossy green above, midrib channeled, 10 to 12 pairs of lateral veins and net-veining slightly raised above, midrib pubescent below. Inflorescence terminal many-flowered. Flowers white or creamy-yellow, c. 1 cm in diameter with the tube 3.5 - 4 mm long, scented. Fruits spherical, up to 15 cm in diameter, green, edible.
Type location:
Mozambique
Notes: Despite differences in size and venation of the leaves, this species is very similar to L. buchananii and both species are very difficult to distinguish when not in flower. Flowers of L. buchananii are considerably larger with a longer pinkish tube. Both species are found in similar habitats.
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland, riverine and deciduous forest, and along the margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N,C,Lk,W
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele argentifera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 30 May 2022
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 797. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 411 - 412.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Other sources of information about Landolphia kirkii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Landolphia kirkii
Flora of Mozambique: Landolphia kirkii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Landolphia kirkii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Landolphia kirkii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Landolphia kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Landolphia kirkii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Landolphia kirkii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Landolphia kirkii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Landolphia kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Landolphia kirkii
iNaturalist: Landolphia kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Landolphia kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Landolphia kirkii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Landolphia kirkii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Landolphia kirkii
Plants of the World Online: Landolphia kirkii
Tropicos: Landolphia kirkii
Wikipedia: Landolphia kirkii


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Landolphia kirkii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=144970, retrieved 1 February 2023

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