Holarrhena pubescens (Buch. - Ham.) Wall. ex G. Don

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Holarrhena pubescens

Drawing showing characteristics forHolarrhena
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Holarrhena pubescens

Drawing showing characteristics forHolarrhena
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

Holarrhena pubescens

Drawing showing characteristics forHolarrhena
Lusaka 1976; Patricia Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Holarrhena febrifuga Klotzsch
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree with milky latex. Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic to ovate, sparsely to densely hairy, glossy dark green above paler below. Flowers in dense, many-flowered, axillary heads, white, sweetly scented; calyces and flower stalks densely hairy; corolla lobes overlapping to the right. Fruit in paired, long slender follicles, up to 30 cm, conpicuously dotted with lenticels. Seeds with long silky hairs to aid dispersal by wind.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: pubescens: pubescent, with soft short hairs
Habitat: In rocky places, often near water courses.
Altitude range: Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Kenya, Tanzania to Mpumalanga, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Pygospila tyres (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 7 February 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 815. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 26 - 29. as Holarrhena febrifuga (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 25.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 456 - 458. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 18.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.

Other sources of information about Holarrhena pubescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Mozambique: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Holarrhena pubescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Holarrhena pubescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Holarrhena pubescens
African Plant Database: Holarrhena pubescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Holarrhena pubescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Holarrhena pubescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Holarrhena pubescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Holarrhena pubescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Holarrhena pubescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Holarrhena pubescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Holarrhena pubescens
Plants of the World Online: Holarrhena pubescens
Tropicos: Holarrhena pubescens
Wikipedia: Holarrhena pubescens

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Holarrhena pubescens.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145020, retrieved 27 May 2024

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