Voacanga africana Stapf

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Voacanga africana

Flowers;
Samfya Beach;
Oct 2007
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

Flowers;
Samfya Beach;
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

Flowers;
Samfya Beach;
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

Fruit;
West Lunga N.P;
Mar 2016
Photo: Dorian Tilbury

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Voacanga africana var. auriculata Pichon
Voacanga angolensis Stapf ex Hiern
Voacanga boehmii K. Schum.
Voacanga lutescens Stapf
Voacanga schweinfurthii Stapf
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark greyish, smooth; branches with conspicuous lenticels. Milky latex present. Leaves opposite with axillary glands, sessile, broadly elliptic to obovate, c. 15-17 cm long; apex rather abruptly and distinctly pointed. Flowers 3-4 cm in diameter, white, in large terminal and axillary heads, strongly and unpleasantly scented. Fruit asymmetrically ovoid to round, c. 5 cm long, mottled green with brown lenticels, turning pale brown when dry.
Type location:
Sierra Leone
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Sandy beaches, open woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and in the islands of the Gulf of Guinea.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sthenias puncticornis (Uncertain)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 8 March 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 803. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 435 - 437. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Other sources of information about Voacanga africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Voacanga africana
Flora of Mozambique: Voacanga africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Voacanga africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Voacanga africana
African Plant Database: Voacanga africana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Voacanga africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Voacanga africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Voacanga africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Voacanga africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Voacanga africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Voacanga africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Voacanga africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Voacanga africana
Ispot Southern Africa: Voacanga africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Voacanga africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Voacanga africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Voacanga africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Voacanga africana
Tropicos: Voacanga africana


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Voacanga africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145080, retrieved 14 December 2018

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