Voacanga africana Stapf

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Voacanga africana

Samfya Beach;
Oct 2007
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

Samfya Beach;
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

Samfya Beach;
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

Voacanga africana

West Lunga N.P;
Mar 2016
Photo: Dorian Tilbury

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Voacanga africana var. auriculata Pichon
Voacanga angolensis Stapf ex Hiern
Voacanga boehmii K. Schum.
Voacanga lutescens Stapf
Voacanga schweinfurthii Stapf
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark greyish, smooth; branches with conspicuous lenticels. Milky latex present. Leaves opposite with axillary glands, sessile, broadly elliptic to obovate, c. 15-17 cm long; apex rather abruptly and distinctly pointed. Flowers 3-4 cm in diameter, white, in large terminal and axillary heads, strongly and unpleasantly scented. Fruit asymmetrically ovoid to round, c. 5 cm long, mottled green with brown lenticels, turning pale brown when dry.
Type location:
Sierra Leone
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Sandy beaches, open woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and in the islands of the Gulf of Guinea.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sthenias puncticornis (Uncertain)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 8 March 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 803. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 162.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 435 - 437. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Other sources of information about Voacanga africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Voacanga africana
Flora of Malawi: Voacanga africana
Flora of Mozambique: Voacanga africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Voacanga africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Voacanga africana
African Plant Database: Voacanga africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Voacanga africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Voacanga africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Voacanga africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Voacanga africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Voacanga africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Voacanga africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Voacanga africana
Plants of the World Online: Voacanga africana
Tropicos: Voacanga africana
Wikipedia: Voacanga africana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Voacanga africana.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145080, retrieved 21 June 2024

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