Strophanthus nicholsonii Holmes

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Common names:
Status: Native
Much-branched deciduous scrambling shrub without tendrils. Branchlets densely velvety; latex clear or orange. Leaves obovate to almost round, up to 6 × 4 cm, (dark) green and velvety above, paler yellowish green and shortly hairy below, thinly textured with 4-9 pairs of lateral veins. Flowers fragrant, appearing before or with the leaves, 1-5(-10) per inflorescence. Corolla lobes ending in long, pendulous tails up to 10 cm long. Fruit of 2 diverging follicles, each 17-28 cm long, ending in an obtuse or knob-like apex, dark brown to purple-brown, pubescent when young, covered in elongated lenticels.
Type location:
Zambia, Luangwa Valley
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): E,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 812. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 270.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 171.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Page 477.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 44.

Other sources of information about Strophanthus nicholsonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Mozambique: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strophanthus nicholsonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strophanthus nicholsonii
African Plant Database: Strophanthus nicholsonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strophanthus nicholsonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strophanthus nicholsonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strophanthus nicholsonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strophanthus nicholsonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strophanthus nicholsonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Plants of the World Online: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Tropicos: Strophanthus nicholsonii
Wikipedia: Strophanthus nicholsonii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Strophanthus nicholsonii., retrieved 27 May 2024

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