Raphionacme grandiflora (K. Schum.) N.E. Br.

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Raphionacme grandiflora

Picture: Penny English
Past Masuma, Hwange NP

Raphionacme grandiflora

Picture: Penny English
Past Masuma, Hwange NP

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Synonyms: Pentagonanthus grandiflorus (N.E. Br.) Bullock
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb, up to c. 30 cm tall, growing from a more or less depressed tuber, up to 12 cm in diameter. Milky latex present. Leaves very shortly petiolate, opposite, linear-lanceolate to narrowly obovate, up to 12 cm long, roughly hairy on both surfaces, veining prominent below; margin entire but wavy. Inflorescence a 2-7-flowered, terminal, pseudo-umbel. Corolla up to 3 cm in diameter, pale yellowish-green on the outside, bright to deep violet on the inside; lobes often strongly deflexed in older flowers, with margins recurved. Fruit often a single, erect follicle, linear-cylindrical, c. 17 × 1 cm, hairless.
Type location:
Notes: Determined as: Pentagonanthus grandiflorus
Derivation of specific name: grandiflora: large flowered
Habitat: In dry mixed woodland in sandy or rocky areas.
Altitude range: 500 - 1750 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Rwanda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Ellert, A.F.N. (1997). A note on Pentagonanthus grandiflorus N.E. Br. subspecies glabrescens Bullock Excelsa 18 Page 190.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 42 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Venter, H.J.T. (2009). A Taxonomic revision of Raphionacme (Apocynaceae: Periplocoideae) South African Journal of Botany 75(2) Pages 310 - 312. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Raphionacme grandiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Raphionacme grandiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Raphionacme grandiflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Raphionacme grandiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Raphionacme grandiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Raphionacme grandiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Raphionacme grandiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Raphionacme grandiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Raphionacme grandiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Raphionacme grandiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Raphionacme grandiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Raphionacme grandiflora
Plants of the World Online: Raphionacme grandiflora
Tropicos: Raphionacme grandiflora
Wikipedia: Raphionacme grandiflora

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Raphionacme grandiflora.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=145360, retrieved 13 June 2024

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