Ceropegia nilotica Kotschy

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Ceropegia nilotica

Flower at anthesis in Mopane woodland;
Luano Valley, Shikabeta; Jan 2004.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Ceropegia nilotica

Picture: Douglas Laing
Lusaka E, grown from seed Lusaka West, Yieldingtree farm.

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Synonyms: Ceropegia boussingaultiflora Dinter
Ceropegia constricta N.E. Br.
Ceropegia grandis E.A. Bruce
Ceropegia mozambicensis Schltr.
Ceropegia nilotica Kotschy var. nilotica
Ceropegia plicata E.A. Bruce
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial twining herb with annual sparsely branched stems, up to 2 m long, growing from a cluster of fusiform succulent roots. Milky sap present. Leaves opposite, broadly ovate-lanceolate, up to c. 8 × 6 cm, somewhat fleshy, hairless; petiole c. 1 cm. Flowers in 1-several-flowered axillary inflorescences. Corolla 3.5-5 cm long; tube slightly curved, swollen at the base with a constriction in the middle of the swollen part, pale coloured with a purplish tinge, heavily marked dark purple on the widening upper third towards the lobes, connecting at the tips to form a "cage", dark purple and hairy on the inside with yellow spots near the base. Corona with outer lobes forming 5 pockets with entire margins; inner lobes linear, more or less recurved.
Type location:
South Sudan
Derivation of specific name: nilotica: from the valley of the Nile
Habitat: Dolomite outcrops, and mopane woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa extending to KwaZulu-Natal South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 13 August 2014

Bolnick, D. (2007). A Guide to the Common Wild Flowers of Zambia and Neighbouring Regions Revised Edition. WECS, Lusaka, Zambia

Bruyns, P.V. (2014). The Apocynaceae of Namibia Strelitzia 34 SANBI, Pretoria, South Africa Pages 89 - 90.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Dyer, R.A. (1983). Ceropegia, Brachystelma and Riocreuxia in Southern Africa. Balkema

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 74.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 142 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 20. as Ceropegia nilotica var. nilotica

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 93, plate 127

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 25.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 197.

Other sources of information about Ceropegia nilotica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ceropegia nilotica
Flora of Caprivi: Ceropegia nilotica
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Ceropegia nilotica
Flora of Malawi: Ceropegia nilotica
Flora of Mozambique: Ceropegia nilotica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ceropegia nilotica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ceropegia nilotica
African Plant Database: Ceropegia nilotica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ceropegia nilotica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ceropegia nilotica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ceropegia nilotica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Ceropegia nilotica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ceropegia nilotica
JSTOR Plant Science: Ceropegia nilotica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ceropegia nilotica
Plants of the World Online: Ceropegia nilotica
Tropicos: Ceropegia nilotica
Wikipedia: Ceropegia nilotica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Ceropegia nilotica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146420, retrieved 5 March 2024

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