Heliotropium supinum L.

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Heliotropium supinum

Picture: Dave Winhall
Mopane Pan near Rifa Conservation Education Camp, Chirundu

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Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate or decumbent annual herb with stems up to 35 cm long, more or less densely covered with a mix of appressed and longer spreading hairs. Leaves alternate or subopposite near the base, broadly ovate to broadly obovate, or rarely almost round, 10–35 mm long, densely appressed-pubescent above, pubescent or tomentose and bristly on the veins beneath, often very asymmetrical at base, veins usually impressed above, prominent beneath; petiole 3–15 mm long (up to 27 mm on the basal leaves). Inlorescences mostly 1, rarely 2–3 on each terminal peduncle, short. Flowers (sub)sessile. Calyx 2.0–2.8 mm long, enlarged up to 4.5(6) mm in fruit, bristly outside, appressed hairy inside. Corolla as long as or slightly longer than the calyx, persisting over the fruit; tube greenish, densely clothed with retrorse appressed hairs outside, hairless inside; limb white, divided into 5 minute oblong subequal lobes. Fruits ovoid, up to 4 mm long, hairless, enclosed in the calyx.
Type location:
Montpellier (France).
Derivation of specific name: supinum: prostrate
Habitat: In dried-up water holes and pools, on heavy black or brown soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Africa, Southern Europe, Middle East, Arabia, Iraq, India.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 356. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Martins, E.S. (1990). Boraginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Page 93. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 41.

Other sources of information about Heliotropium supinum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Heliotropium supinum
Flora of Caprivi: Heliotropium supinum
Flora of Mozambique: Heliotropium supinum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Heliotropium supinum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Heliotropium supinum
African Plant Database: Heliotropium supinum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Heliotropium supinum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Heliotropium supinum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Heliotropium supinum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Heliotropium supinum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Heliotropium supinum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Heliotropium supinum
iNaturalist: Heliotropium supinum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heliotropium supinum
JSTOR Plant Science: Heliotropium supinum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Heliotropium supinum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Heliotropium supinum
Plants of the World Online: Heliotropium supinum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Heliotropium supinum
Tropicos: Heliotropium supinum
Wikipedia: Heliotropium supinum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Heliotropium supinum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148420, retrieved 9 August 2020

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