Aeollanthus subacaulis (Baker) Hua & Briq.
var. subacaulis

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Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis

Open rocky clearing in Miombo woodland
Lumbo Forest Reserve
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis

Open rocky clearing in Miombo woodland
Lumbo Forest Reserve
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis

Open rocky clearing in Miombo woodland
Lumbo Forest Reserve
Jan 2020
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Aeollanthus rubescens Gürke
Aeollanthus salicifolius Baker
Icomum grandifolium Gill.
Icomum subacaule (Baker) Burkill
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing from from a more or less spherical tuberous root. Stems several, erect or ascending, slightly woody near the base. Basal leaves in a rosette, subsessile, elliptic to oblanceolate, rather stiff, sometimes purplish beneath. Leaves along the stems much smaller, alternate scattered, rarely opposite, linear-lanceolate; margins entire or slightly crenate. Inflorescences sparsely branched or spike-like panicles. Bracts like the cauline leaves but somewhat smaller. Flowers white, mauve or pale violet; upper lip 4-lobed with purple lines or dots; lower lip boat-shaped, 3-5 mm long. Stamens shorter than the lower lip.
Type location:
Notes: see var. linearis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: subacaulis: more or less without a stem
Habitat: In grassland and woodland, often in damp shallow soil.
Altitude range: 900 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From eastern DRC and southern Tanzania to Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 March 2020

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 183. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 54.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 300 - 302. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis
Flora of Mozambique: Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Aeollanthus subacaulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Aeollanthus subacaulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Aeollanthus subacaulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Aeollanthus subacaulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Aeollanthus subacaulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Aeollanthus subacaulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Aeollanthus subacaulis
iNaturalist: Aeollanthus subacaulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Aeollanthus subacaulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Aeollanthus subacaulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Aeollanthus subacaulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Aeollanthus subacaulis
Plants of the World Online: Aeollanthus subacaulis
Tropicos: Aeollanthus subacaulis
Wikipedia: Aeollanthus subacaulis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Aeollanthus subacaulis var. subacaulis., retrieved 6 October 2022

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