Endostemon obtusifolius (E. Mey. ex Benth.) N.E.Br.

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Endostemon obtusifolius

Flower
Rocky miombo woodland
Along Mulungushi River
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Endostemon obtusifolius

Flower
Rocky miombo woodland
Along Mulungushi River
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Endostemon obtusifolius

Habit
Rocky miombo woodland
Along Mulungushi River
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

Endostemon obtusifolius

Inflorescence
Rocky miombo woodland
Along Mulungushi River
Dec 2019
Photo: Nick Wightman

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ocimum obtusifolius E. Mey. ex Benth.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Straggling or erect shrubby perennial herb, up to 1.5 m tall. Leaves more or less broadly ovate, softly hairy on both surfaces; margins crenate-serrate. Flowers in terminal racemes; corolla white with the lower lip not much larger than other lobes and the upper lobe slightly notched.
Type location:
South Africa, Cape Province
Notes: E. obtusifolius is superficially similar to Orthosiphon schimperi and often grows in similar habitats but Endostemon differs in the 4-lobed corolla and the ± sessile stamens inserted about the middle of the corolla.
Derivation of specific name: obtusifolius: with obtuse leaves
Habitat: In Brachystegia and Uapaca woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 12 February 2020
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 55.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 162 - 164. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Endostemon obtusifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Endostemon obtusifolius
Flora of Zimbabwe: Endostemon obtusifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Endostemon obtusifolius
African Plant Database: Endostemon obtusifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Endostemon obtusifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Endostemon obtusifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Endostemon obtusifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Endostemon obtusifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Endostemon obtusifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Endostemon obtusifolius
iNaturalist: Endostemon obtusifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Endostemon obtusifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Endostemon obtusifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Endostemon obtusifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Endostemon obtusifolius
Plants of the World Online: Endostemon obtusifolius
The Plant List (version 1.1): Endostemon obtusifolius
Tropicos: Endostemon obtusifolius
Wikipedia: Endostemon obtusifolius


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Endostemon obtusifolius.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149650, retrieved 12 August 2020

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