Pycnostachys urticifolia Hook.

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Pycnostachys urticifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Above Mermaids Falls, Aberfoyle

Pycnostachys urticifolia

Picture: Bart Wursten
Calderwood Park, Peterhouse School

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Synonyms: Coleus urticifolius (Hook.) Roberty
Pycnostachys pubescens Gürke
Common names:
Status: Native
Aromatic perennial herb or shrub, 1-2.5 m. Leaves petiolate; lamina 5-12 × 4-7 cm, narrowly to broadly ovate, ± glabrous to densely pubescent, gland-dotted; apex acute; margin regularly crenate. Inflorescence a spike 7-10 cm. Bracts 4-5 mm, linear to spathulate, ciliate. Calyx sparingly pubescent, reddish-purple; teeth 8-10 mm, becoming sharply spiny after flowering. Corolla 12-20 mm, gentian-blue, rarely whitish.
Type location:
Notes: Not cited for Zambia in FZ 8(8), 2013 but cited for division N in Phiri (Sabonet 32), 2005
Derivation of specific name: urticifolia: nettle-leaved
Habitat: In rocky ground and on streambanks or in grassland in the transition zone between vlei and woodland; also sometimes in open miombo woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Apr - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 146 - 147. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 191.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 47.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 79.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 352 - 353. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 411 - 412.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 320 - 330. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 71.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 105, plate 143

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 472 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 114.

Other sources of information about Pycnostachys urticifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pycnostachys urticifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pycnostachys urticifolia
African Plant Database: Pycnostachys urticifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pycnostachys urticifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pycnostachys urticifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pycnostachys urticifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pycnostachys urticifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pycnostachys urticifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Plants of the World Online: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Tropicos: Pycnostachys urticifolia
Wikipedia: Pycnostachys urticifolia

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pycnostachys urticifolia., retrieved 29 September 2023

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