Plectranthus neochilus Schltr.

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Plectranthus neochilus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from Zvishavane to Mbalabala.

Plectranthus neochilus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from Zvishavane to Mbalabala.

Plectranthus neochilus

Picture: Bart Wursten
Along road from Zvishavane to Mbalabala.

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Synonyms: Coleus neochilus (Schltr.) Codd
Coleus palliolatus S. Moore
Coleus schinzii G├╝rke
Common names:
Status: Native
Aromatic annual or perennial, somewhat succulent herb, up to 60 cm high, growing from a fibrous root system. Stems erect, ascending or decumbent, 4-angled, sparsely branched, covered with spreading glandular and eglandular hairs and red sessile glands, often becoming sticky towards the inflorescence. leaves opposite, spreading, somewhat fleshy, obovate to elliptic, 15-80 mm long, pubescent and with red sessile glands; margin serrate to crenate, slightly rolled under; petiole mostly 5-25 mm long. Inflorescences fairly lax with 6-flowered verticils c. 10 mm apart; bracts pale green, often marked purplish ovate with an apical point, together forming a distinct terminal cone on the inflorescence. Calyx 3-5 mm long, pubescent and with red and pale sessile glands. Corolla blue to purple, 11-20 mm long with scattered hairs and red sessile glands on the lobes; lower lip, horizontal, boat-shaped, 5-11 mm long, partially enclosing the stamens.
Type location:
South Africa
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Rocky places in woodland or grassland.
Altitude range: 600 - 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Eswatini and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 350 - 351. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 275 - 277. (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 70.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 474 - 475. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

Other sources of information about Plectranthus neochilus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Plectranthus neochilus
Flora of Mozambique: Plectranthus neochilus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Plectranthus neochilus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Plectranthus neochilus
African Plant Database: Plectranthus neochilus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Plectranthus neochilus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Plectranthus neochilus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Plectranthus neochilus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Plectranthus neochilus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Plectranthus neochilus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Plectranthus neochilus
iNaturalist: Plectranthus neochilus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Plectranthus neochilus
JSTOR Plant Science: Plectranthus neochilus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Plectranthus neochilus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Plectranthus neochilus
Plants of the World Online: Plectranthus neochilus
Tropicos: Plectranthus neochilus
Wikipedia: Plectranthus neochilus

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-22

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2022). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Plectranthus neochilus., retrieved 19 May 2022

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