Solanum chrysotrichum Schltdl.

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Solanum chrysotrichum

Protea Hill Farm
Jun 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

Solanum chrysotrichum

Protea Hill Farm
Jun 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

Solanum chrysotrichum

Protea Hill Farm
Jun 2009
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Solanum hispidum auct. mult. non Pers.
Solanum pynaertii De Wild.
Common names: Giant Devil’s Fig (English: Zambia)
Status: Introduced
Shrub or small tree to 7.5 m, bearing prickles. Indumentum stellate. Branches densely hairy with rusty-brown hairs. Leaves: petiole up to 11 cm long; lamina 10-60 × 4-35 cm, broadly ovate to elliptic, leathery, rough; margin entire to deeply lobed with 7-13 rounded lobes, felty-brown-tomentose and prickly beneath. Inflorescence of axillary cymes. Calyx with linear or lanceolate lobes, accrescent. Corolla white. Fruits green becoming yellowish to dull orange-yellow when ripe. Seeds glossy, minutely warty.
Type location:
Notes: “(S)aid to have been introduced to Africa from India a long time ago to protect cattle kraals against lions, but nowadays a potentially noxious weed;” F.Z.
Derivation of specific name: chrysotrichum: from Greek: chryso, meaning golden and tricho, hair, hence golden-hairy.
Habitat: Disturbed places
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native in Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Panama), now widespread in the tropics.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,E,Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 3 August 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 867. (Includes a picture).

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 117 - 118.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79.

Other sources of information about Solanum chrysotrichum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum chrysotrichum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum chrysotrichum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum chrysotrichum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanum chrysotrichum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum chrysotrichum
African Plant Database: Solanum chrysotrichum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum chrysotrichum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum chrysotrichum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum chrysotrichum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Solanum chrysotrichum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum chrysotrichum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum chrysotrichum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum chrysotrichum
Plants of the World Online: Solanum chrysotrichum
Tropicos: Solanum chrysotrichum
Wikipedia: Solanum chrysotrichum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Solanum chrysotrichum., retrieved 28 November 2023

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