Solanum terminale Forssk.

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Solanum terminale

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Solanum terminale

Picture: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Solanum terminale

Picture: Bart Wursten
Old Forest Edge (near Bunga Forest), Vumba

Solanum terminale

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Solanum bifurcum Hochst.
Solanum plousianthemum Dammer
Solanum rhodesianum Dammer
Solanum terminale Forssk. subsp. sanaganum (Bitter) Heine
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Creeper or climber to 3(-7) m. Leaves elliptic, 7(-11) × 3(-6) cm, sparsely pubescent to hairless; base rounded, decurrent on the petiole; apex acuminate; margin entire; petiole 1-2 cm. Flowers composed of 3-5 pedunculate umbels arranged in a dense terminal inflorescence. Pedicels 1-2 cm, thickened below the flower. Calyx lobes 5. Petals 7-10 mm, white, mauve, purple or blue; anthers yellow. Flowers 15-20 mm in diameter. Fruit 6-10 mm in diameter, spherical, red when ripe.
Type location:
Yemen
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: terminale: borne at the apex of the stem (terminal), referring to the inflorescence.
Habitat: On granite hills or in montane forest and on forest edges
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout Africa from Guinea eastwards to Ethiopia and south to South Africa; also Yemen and the Comoro Islands
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 126 - 127. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 865. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273. As Solanum terminale sanaganum

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 77 - 78.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 80.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 178.

Other sources of information about Solanum terminale:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum terminale
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum terminale
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum terminale

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum terminale
African Plant Database: Solanum terminale
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum terminale
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum terminale
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Solanum terminale
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Solanum terminale
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum terminale
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Solanum terminale
iNaturalist: Solanum terminale
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum terminale
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum terminale
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Solanum terminale
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum terminale
Plants of the World Online: Solanum terminale
The Plant List (version 1.1): Solanum terminale
Tropicos: Solanum terminale
Wikipedia: Solanum terminale


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Solanum terminale.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150740, retrieved 13 November 2019

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