Solanum lycopersicum L.

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Solanum lycopersicum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge

Solanum lycopersicum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge

Solanum lycopersicum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge

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Synonyms: Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.
Lycopersicon lycopersicum (L.) Karsten
Solanum esculentum L.
Common names:
Status: Introduced
Sprawling or sub-erect short-lived herb, widely cultivated for its edible fruit. It is known as an occasional escape from cultivation. All parts of the plant covered in long viscid hairs. Leaves pinnatisect, divided to the midrib. Flowers in lateral raceme-like heads on long peduncles, yellow. Fruit - the well-known tomato - bright red when ripe.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to South America.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Chrysodeixis chalcites (Food plant)
Eudocima materna (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 69 - 70.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79. As Solanum esculentum

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 100.

Other sources of information about Solanum lycopersicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Malawi: cultivated Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Mozambique: Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Solanum lycopersicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Solanum lycopersicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Solanum lycopersicum
African Plant Database: Solanum lycopersicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Solanum lycopersicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Solanum lycopersicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Solanum lycopersicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Solanum lycopersicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Solanum lycopersicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Solanum lycopersicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Solanum lycopersicum
Plants of the World Online: Solanum lycopersicum
Tropicos: Solanum lycopersicum
Wikipedia: Solanum lycopersicum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Solanum lycopersicum., retrieved 23 September 2023

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