Limnophila indica (L.) Druce

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Limnophila indica

Picture: Alistair Hull
Chitsanga river, Matusadona National Park

Limnophila indica

Picture: Alistair Hull
Chitsanga river, Matusadona National Park

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Synonyms: Ambulia baumii Engl. & Gilg
Hottonia indica L.
Limnophila gratioloides R. Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Amphibious perennial herb. Aerial stems tall; leaves whorled and variously dissected; subterranean stems to 1 m, glabrous; leaves in whorls of 6-12. pinnatisect with lobes flattened or capillary. Pedicels 3.5-10 mm, usually longer than the subtending leaves. Corolla 8-12 mm, white to pale yellow or yellow at base of tube and mauve-pink above.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: On river banks and marshes
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 20 July 2015

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 104.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 225.

Other sources of information about Limnophila indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Limnophila indica
Flora of Caprivi: Limnophila indica
Flora of Malawi: Limnophila indica
Flora of Mozambique: Limnophila indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Limnophila indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Limnophila indica
African Plant Database: Limnophila indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Limnophila indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Limnophila indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Limnophila indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Limnophila indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Limnophila indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Limnophila indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Limnophila indica
Plants of the World Online: Limnophila indica
Tropicos: Limnophila indica
Wikipedia: Limnophila indica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Limnophila indica., retrieved 13 April 2024

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