Craterostigma lanceolatum (Engl.) Skan

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Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Trout Research Centre, Lake Gulliver, Nyanga National Park

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Craterostigma nanum var. lanceolatum
Common names:
Status: Native
Small perennial herb, usually less than 15 cm tall. Leaves erect, in a basal rosette, lanceolate, sometimes hairless above and pubescent on the veins beneath but regularly pubescent all over; 3-5 veins prominent beneath. Inflorescence up to 12 cm tall, racemose. Flowers white with purple markings or mauve, purple or pink, 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed; lobes obtuse.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: lanceolatum: lanceolate, referring to the leaves
Habitat: In seasonally wet, shallow soil overlying rock.
Altitude range: 1740 - 2380 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and probably Mozambique.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Hepper, F.N. (1990). Craterostigma Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Craterostigma lanceolatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Mozambique: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Craterostigma lanceolatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craterostigma lanceolatum
African Plant Database: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Craterostigma lanceolatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craterostigma lanceolatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craterostigma lanceolatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Craterostigma lanceolatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Craterostigma lanceolatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Craterostigma lanceolatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craterostigma lanceolatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Tropicos: Craterostigma lanceolatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Craterostigma lanceolatum., retrieved 26 May 2019

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