Craterostigma lanceolatum (Engl.) Skan

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Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Rukotso, Nyanga

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Trout Research Centre, Lake Gulliver, Nyanga National Park

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

Craterostigma lanceolatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mt Chinaka, Juliasdale

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Synonyms: Craterostigma nanum var. lanceolatum
Common names:
Status: Native
Small perennial herb, usually less than 15 cm tall. Leaves erect, in a basal rosette, lanceolate, sometimes hairless above and pubescent on the veins beneath but regularly pubescent all over; 3-5 veins prominent beneath. Inflorescence up to 12 cm tall, racemose. Flowers white with purple markings or mauve, purple or pink, 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed; lobes obtuse.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: lanceolatum: lanceolate, referring to the leaves
Habitat: In seasonally wet, shallow soil overlying rock.
Altitude range: 1740 - 2380 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe and probably Mozambique.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Hepper, F.N. (1990). Craterostigma Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 77. Under Scrophulariaceae

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 54.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Craterostigma lanceolatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Mozambique: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Craterostigma lanceolatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craterostigma lanceolatum
African Plant Database: Craterostigma lanceolatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craterostigma lanceolatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craterostigma lanceolatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craterostigma lanceolatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Craterostigma lanceolatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craterostigma lanceolatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Plants of the World Online: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Tropicos: Craterostigma lanceolatum
Wikipedia: Craterostigma lanceolatum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Craterostigma lanceolatum., retrieved 13 June 2024

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