Craterostigma plantagineum Hochst.

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Craterostigma plantagineum

Picture: Darrel Plowes

Craterostigma plantagineum

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Craterostigma plantagineum

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Craterostigma plantagineum

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Craterostigma plantagineum

Picture: Bart Wursten
By main Harare to Bulawayo Rd

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Torenia plantaginea (Hochst.) Benth.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Small perennial herb, usually less than 10 cm. Leaves in a basal rosette, variable from broadly ovate to lanceolate, hairless above, hairy beneath and on the margins; parallel veins prominent beneath. Inflorescence c. 8 cm tall, racemose. Flowers purple and white, 2-lipped; lower lip 3-lobed with the mid-lobe very broad.
Type location:
Notes: This plant can dry out and stay dormant for long periods and spring back to life after some rain (Hornby & Hornby 1964)
Derivation of specific name: plantagineum: leaves like a Plantago
Habitat: In shallow soil overlying rock and in mopane woodland.
Altitude range: 900 - 2200 m
Flowering time:Oct - May
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi Namibia and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa; also in Yemen and India.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 366 - 367. (Includes a picture).

Fischer, E. (1992). Systematik der afrikanischen Lindernieae (Scrophulariaceae) Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 81 Pages 87 - 94. (Includes a picture).

Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Scrophulariaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 61 - 62.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 58. (Includes a picture).

Hepper, F.N. (1990). Craterostigma Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 56.

Hornby, H.E. & Hornby, R.M (1964). The reaction of Craterostigma plantagineum Hochst. to desiccation Kirkia 4 Pages 217 - 220. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 325. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 77.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 56.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 97.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 106. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 109, plate 147

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 103.

Other sources of information about Craterostigma plantagineum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Craterostigma plantagineum
Flora of Caprivi: Craterostigma plantagineum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Craterostigma plantagineum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Craterostigma plantagineum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craterostigma plantagineum
African Plant Database: Craterostigma plantagineum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craterostigma plantagineum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craterostigma plantagineum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craterostigma plantagineum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Craterostigma plantagineum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craterostigma plantagineum
JSTOR Plant Science: Craterostigma plantagineum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craterostigma plantagineum
Plants of the World Online: Craterostigma plantagineum
Tropicos: Craterostigma plantagineum
Wikipedia: Craterostigma plantagineum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Craterostigma plantagineum., retrieved 14 April 2024

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