Thunbergia crispa Burkill

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Thunbergia crispa

Picture: Mark Hyde
Black granite quarry nr Mtoko

Thunbergia crispa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Thunbergia crispa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

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Synonyms: Thunbergia homblei De Wild.
Thunbergia variabilis De Wild.
Common names:
Status: Native
Twining woody climber or sometimes a scrabling shrub up to 4 m high. Young branches 4-angled, narrowly winged. Leaves opposite, elliptic, 8-12.5 cm long; margin wavy, particularly in the lower part; petiole 3-8 mm long, narrowly winged below. Flowers solitary, axillary on pedicels 4-9 cm long. bracteoles pale green, ovate or elliptic, 2-3.6 cm long, hairless. Corolla with a mostly pale whitish tube, up to 6 cm long; upper part tube and lobes deep violet-blue or purple, yellow in the throat. Capsule 2.5-3 cm long, hairless.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: crispa: with a wavy or curled margin
Habitat: In riverine vegetation, on rocky outcrops and on termite mounds in Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 20.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 15.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 20.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Vollesen, K. (2009). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 39 - 40.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 24 - 26. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Thunbergia crispa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Thunbergia crispa
Flora of Mozambique: Thunbergia crispa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Thunbergia crispa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Thunbergia crispa
African Plant Database: Thunbergia crispa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Thunbergia crispa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Thunbergia crispa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Thunbergia crispa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Thunbergia crispa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Thunbergia crispa
JSTOR Plant Science: Thunbergia crispa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Thunbergia crispa
Plants of the World Online: Thunbergia crispa
Tropicos: Thunbergia crispa
Wikipedia: Thunbergia crispa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Thunbergia crispa., retrieved 25 April 2024

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