Hygrophila abyssinica (Hochst. ex Nees) T.Anderson

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Hygrophila abyssinica

Herb rooted between rocks in stream bed;
Rufunsa Game Ranch, Mwambashi river bank;
Sep 2012
Photo: Mike Bingham

Hygrophila abyssinica

Mporokoso, Kanonge river;
Jul 1962
Photo: P.J. Tyrer

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Synonyms: Hygrophila prunelloides (S. Moore) Heine
Polyechma abyssinicum Nees
Synnema hygrophiloides Lindau
Common names:
Procumbent or ascending annual or short-lived perennial herb, with stems up to 50 cm. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly ovate or elliptic, 1.2 - 6 cm long, hairless or finely velvety; margin entire or with blunt triangular teeth. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming spike-like or branched inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Corolla mauve, blue, purple or rarely white, almost actinomorphic, 5-lobed. Capsule 4-7 mm long, finely velvety, with a few glands near the apex.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,C,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 1 June 2015

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 18. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 15. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18. Also as Hygrophila prunelloides

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 115 - 117.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Caprivi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hygrophila abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila abyssinica
African Plant Database: Hygrophila abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hygrophila abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila abyssinica
Tropicos: Hygrophila abyssinica
Wikipedia: Hygrophila abyssinica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hygrophila abyssinica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153080, retrieved 5 December 2023

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