Hygrophila abyssinica (Hochst. ex Nees) T.Anderson

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Hygrophila abyssinica

Herb rooted between rocks in stream bed;
Rufunsa Game Ranch, Mwambashi river bank;
Sep 2012
Photo: Mike Bingham

Hygrophila abyssinica

Mporokoso, Kanonge river;
Jul 1962
Photo: P.J. Tyrer

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Synonyms: Polyechma abyssinicum Nees
Synnema hygrophiloides Lindau
Common names:
Procumbent or ascending annual or short-lived perennial herb, with stems up to 50 cm. Leaves opposite, more or less narrowly ovate or elliptic, 1.2 - 6 cm long, hairless or finely velvety; margin entire or with blunt triangular teeth. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming spike-like or branched inflorescences up to 30 cm long. Corolla mauve, blue, purple or rarely white, almost actinomorphic, 5-lobed. Capsule 4-7 mm long, finely velvety, with a few glands near the apex.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: abyssinica: of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, DRC, Sudan, Ethiopia, Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,C,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 1 June 2015

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 15. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 115 - 117.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila abyssinica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Caprivi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hygrophila abyssinica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila abyssinica
African Plant Database: Hygrophila abyssinica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila abyssinica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila abyssinica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hygrophila abyssinica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hygrophila abyssinica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila abyssinica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hygrophila abyssinica
iNaturalist: Hygrophila abyssinica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila abyssinica
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila abyssinica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hygrophila abyssinica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila abyssinica
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila abyssinica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hygrophila abyssinica
Tropicos: Hygrophila abyssinica
Wikipedia: Hygrophila abyssinica

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hygrophila abyssinica.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153080, retrieved 12 August 2020

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