Hygrophila cataractae S. Moore

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Hygrophila cataractae

Perennial herb rooted in cracks in pavement above falls;
Lumangwe Falls;
Sep 2008
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Common names:
Status: Native
Erect, procumbent or ascending perennial herb. Stems up to 75 cm long, 4-angular, hairless or finely velvety in the upper parts, sometimes with scattered stalked glands. Leaves more or less narrowly elliptic, up to 7 cm long, hairless on both sides or with sparse short hairs above. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming a spike-like or sometimes branched inflorescence up to 25 cm long; axes more or less densely velvety with scattered longer hairs, stalked glands and lanceolate to narrowly ovate leaf-like bracts, up to 1.5 cm long. Corolla white to pale yellowish with indistinct bluish veining, 11-14 mm long, 2-lipped; lower lip broadly obovate with red-tipped hairs, shallowly 3-lobed. Capsule 4-9 mm long, finely velvety with a few glands near the apex.
Type location:
Zimbabwe, Victoria Falls
Derivation of specific name:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,E,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 1 June 2015

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 178.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 109.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila cataractae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Mozambique: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hygrophila cataractae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila cataractae
African Plant Database: Hygrophila cataractae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila cataractae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila cataractae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila cataractae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Hygrophila cataractae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila cataractae
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila cataractae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila cataractae
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila cataractae
Tropicos: Hygrophila cataractae
Wikipedia: Hygrophila cataractae

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Hygrophila cataractae.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153100, retrieved 11 December 2023

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