Mimulopsis solmsii Schweinf.

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Mimulopsis solmsii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Genaina on the main Vumba rd

Mimulopsis solmsii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Genaina on the main Vumba rd

Mimulopsis solmsii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Genaina on the main Vumba rd

Mimulopsis solmsii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Nr Genaina on the main Vumba rd

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Mimulopsis sesamoides S. Moore
Mimulopsis solmsii Schweinf. var. orophila Troupin
Common names:
Status: Native
Trailing or erect, shrubby perennial herb. Plants often foetid-aromatic. Leaves opposite, ovate, up to 21 cm long, cordate at the base, sparsely hairy, mostly along the veins, margin coarsely toothed; petiole 2.5-10 cm long. Flowers in 1-9-flowered groups, together forming a large open, branched inflorescence, 15-35 cm long covered in purple-brown glandular hairs. Corolla 5-lobed, white to pale mauve with an orange-brown throat and 1-2 yellow markings and a band of long hairs on the lower lobe. Capsule 15-25 mm long, hairy and glandular, particularly in the apical part.
Type location:
Notes: This species flowers abundantly after 5 to 9 years after which it dies back and is rather inconspicuous until the next mass-flowering.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In understorey and along margins of evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 950 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 51. (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 22.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 35.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Pages 146 - 148. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Mimulopsis solmsii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Mimulopsis solmsii
Flora of Malawi: Mimulopsis solmsii
Flora of Mozambique: Mimulopsis solmsii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Mimulopsis solmsii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mimulopsis solmsii
African Plant Database: Mimulopsis solmsii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mimulopsis solmsii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mimulopsis solmsii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mimulopsis solmsii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Mimulopsis solmsii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mimulopsis solmsii
JSTOR Plant Science: Mimulopsis solmsii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mimulopsis solmsii
Plants of the World Online: Mimulopsis solmsii
Tropicos: Mimulopsis solmsii
Wikipedia: Mimulopsis solmsii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Mimulopsis solmsii.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153220, retrieved 25 May 2024

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