Barleria spinulosa Klotzsch
subsp. spinulosa

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Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa

Picture: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam, next to the dam

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Synonyms: Barleria clivorum C.B. Clarke
Barleria consanguinea Klotzsch
Barleria squarrosa Klotzsch
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Small herbaceous shrub, up to 1.3 m tall, sometimes scrambling. Stems covered in short and coarse yellowish hairs. Leaves opposite, ovate or elliptic, 4-10 cm long, densely covered in pale grey stellate hairs when young, becoming more or less hairless when older. Flowers in 2-7-flowered axillary clusters. Bracteoles linear-lanceolate, in unequal pairs, largest 10-23 mm long; margin with widely spaced teeth and a spiny apex. Calyx lobes broadly ovate, largest 13-19 mm long, translucent with conspicuous reddish-brown veining; margin with coarse spiny teeth. Corolla 27-37 mm long, blue-mauve with a white tube, hairy on the outside. Capsule 11-13.5 mm long, mostly hairless.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Deciduous woodland often in riverine fringes, rarely in lowland forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,Mc,E,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8. As Barleria spinulosa

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 5. As Barleria spinulosa

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 67 - 70. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13. as Barleria spinulosa

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 17.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 33.

Other sources of information about Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa
Flora of Malawi: Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa
Flora of Mozambique: Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Barleria spinulosa
African Plant Database: Barleria spinulosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Barleria spinulosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Barleria spinulosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Barleria spinulosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Barleria spinulosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Barleria spinulosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Barleria spinulosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Barleria spinulosa
Plants of the World Online: Barleria spinulosa
Tropicos: Barleria spinulosa
Wikipedia: Barleria spinulosa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Barleria spinulosa subsp. spinulosa., retrieved 13 April 2024

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