Crossandra spinescens Dunkley

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Crossandra spinescens

Picture: Francis Podmore
Above the Chorochoro River, Matusadona NP

Crossandra spinescens

Picture: Francis Podmore
Above the Chorochoro River, Matusadona NP

Crossandra spinescens

Picture: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Crossandra spinescens

Picture: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

Crossandra spinescens

Picture: James Varden
Chewore Safari Area

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Woody perennial herb or small shrub to 1.5 m. Leaves entire, opposite. Inflorescences terminal. Bracts with spiny margins Flowers very striking; colour very variable, ranging from yellow or orange to red.
Type location:
Zambia
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Mar - Jun (-Sep)
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 13.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Crossandra spinescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Crossandra spinescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crossandra spinescens
African Plant Database: Crossandra spinescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crossandra spinescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crossandra spinescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crossandra spinescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crossandra spinescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crossandra spinescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crossandra spinescens
iNaturalist: Crossandra spinescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crossandra spinescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Crossandra spinescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crossandra spinescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crossandra spinescens
Plants of the World Online: Crossandra spinescens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crossandra spinescens
Tropicos: Crossandra spinescens
Wikipedia: Crossandra spinescens


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crossandra spinescens.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154000, retrieved 24 August 2019

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