Pogonospermum divaricatum (Licht. ex Roem. & Schult.) I.Darbysh. & Kiel

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Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

Pogonospermum divaricatum

Picture: Bart Wursten
C49 to Linyanthi / Chichimane

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adhatoda divaricata Nees
Justicia divaricata Nees
Justicia mossamedea S. Moore
Justicia namaensis Schinz
Justicia nepeta S. Moore
Monechma angustissimum S. Moore
Monechma divaricatum (Nees) C.B. Clarke
Monechma eremum S. Moore
Monechma fimbriatum C.B. Clarke
Monechma floridum C.B. Clarke
Monechma namaense (Schinz) C.B. Clarke
Monechma nepeta (S. Moore) C.B. Clarke
Monechma nepetoides C.B. Clarke
Monechma spissum C.B. Clarke
Monechma terminale S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Somewhat straggling to erect, much-branched perennial herb with stems up to 1 m long. Leaves subsessile, linear to lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1.5-2 cm long, decurrent to the stem at the base. Flowers solitary in the axils of leaf-like bracts, sometimes clustered together at the tips of branches. Corolla pave mauve to purple, rarely white, with darker lines on the lower lip, 7-13 mm long, finely velvety. Capsule 5.5- 11 mm long, sparsely hairy, sometimes only towards the apex.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: divaricata: widely spreading or divergent
Habitat: In Acacia or Mopane woodland, often in disturbed areas and along roadsides.
Altitude range: Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Eswatini and South Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): C,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 31 March 2018
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39. As Monechma divaricatum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 19. As Monechma divaricatum

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 216 - 219. as Justicia divaricata (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 25. as Justicia divaricata (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14. as Monechma divaricatum

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 19. as Monechma divaricatum

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 194. as Monechma divaricatum

Other sources of information about Pogonospermum divaricatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Flora of Caprivi: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Flora of Mozambique: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pogonospermum divaricatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pogonospermum divaricatum
African Plant Database: Pogonospermum divaricatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pogonospermum divaricatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pogonospermum divaricatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pogonospermum divaricatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pogonospermum divaricatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pogonospermum divaricatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Plants of the World Online: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Tropicos: Pogonospermum divaricatum
Wikipedia: Pogonospermum divaricatum


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pogonospermum divaricatum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154620, retrieved 27 February 2024

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