Oldenlandia capensis L.f.
var. capensis

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Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Mshelele Dam, Matobo National Park

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Synonyms: Hedyotis geminiflora Sond.
Oldenlandia geminiflora (Sond.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate or ascending annual herb with branches up to 22 cm long, sometimes forming mats. Leaves linear to narrowly elliptic, 7-34 mm long, roughly papillose above and sometimes on the main vein beneath; margin entire, often rolled under; petiole absent or 1-2 mm long. Stipule sheathing, 1.2-2 mm long with 3-7 fimbriae up to 1.5 mm long. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters at the axils and nodes; peduncles up to 2 mm long; pedicels 1-3 mm long. Corolla white, lilac, dull reddish or pink; tube cylindic, 0.6-0.9 mm long; lobes 4, 0.5-0.6 mm long. Capsule obconic, c. 2 mm long, white and beaked, hairless or shortly pubescent.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes: See var. pleiosepala for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: capensis: of the Cape
Habitat: In alluvial soils in cracks of rocks on river banks, in grassland or along roadsides.
Altitude range: Up to 910 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: More or less throughout Africa from the Mediterranean to the Cape. Also in Madagascar and the former Yugoslavia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,W,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 418. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72. Also as Oldenlandia geminiflora

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 90.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 98.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 138 - 140. Also as Oldenlandia geminiflora (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis
Flora of Caprivi: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis
Flora of Malawi: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis
Flora of Mozambique: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Oldenlandia capensis
African Plant Database: Oldenlandia capensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Oldenlandia capensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Oldenlandia capensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Oldenlandia capensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Oldenlandia capensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Oldenlandia capensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Oldenlandia capensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Oldenlandia capensis
Plants of the World Online: Oldenlandia capensis
Tropicos: Oldenlandia capensis
Wikipedia: Oldenlandia capensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Oldenlandia capensis var. capensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154880, retrieved 15 April 2024

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