Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afzel. ex G. Don) Benth.

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Crossopteryx febrifuga

Drawing: Doreen Bolnick

Crossopteryx febrifuga

Drawing: Doreen Bolnick

Crossopteryx febrifuga

Drawing: Doreen Bolnick

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Synonyms: Rondeletia febrifuga Afzel. ex G. Don
Tarenna mossambicensis Hiern
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small deciduous tree. Leaves opposite, elliptic to ovate, variously hairy or glabrous with conspicuous net-veining below. Flowers small, in dense terminal heads, creamy-white, sometimes tinged with pink. Fruit in clusters of ovoid capsules, crowned with the scars of the calyces.
Type location:
Sierra Leone
Derivation of specific name: febrifuga: referring to the use in traditional medicine to reduce fever.
Habitat: In sandy soils in dry mixed woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia and Senegal, throughout much of tropical Africa, as far south as Limpopo, South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 9 January 2017

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 626 - 628. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1016. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 17.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1038.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 610.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274.

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 624 - 625. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 162.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 222.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 270 - 271. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Crossopteryx febrifuga:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Flora of Caprivi: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Crossopteryx febrifuga
Flora of Malawi: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Flora of Mozambique: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crossopteryx febrifuga

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crossopteryx febrifuga
African Plant Database: Crossopteryx febrifuga
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crossopteryx febrifuga
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crossopteryx febrifuga
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crossopteryx febrifuga
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Crossopteryx febrifuga
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crossopteryx febrifuga
JSTOR Plant Science: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Plants of the World Online: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Tropicos: Crossopteryx febrifuga
Wikipedia: Crossopteryx febrifuga

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crossopteryx febrifuga., retrieved 27 May 2024

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