Mussaenda arcuata Lam. ex Poir.

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Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Leopard Rock Game Reserve, Vumba

Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle, kopje behind hotel

Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle, kopje behind hotel

Mussaenda arcuata

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near Chalet 3, Chirinda Forest

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
A shrub, often scrambling. Leaves opposite, elliptic to almost circular, shiny dark green above, paler, often sparsely velvety below; stipules often 2-fid at apex. Flowers in dense panicles on short lateral branches, pale yellow with a bright orange star of hairs in the centre, turning brown with age. Fruit ellipsoid to almost round, scarred at the apex by the old calyx. The fruits are edible.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: arcuata: curved like a bow
Habitat: In margins of montane and riverine forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1930 m
Flowering time:Jan - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa; also in Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk
Growth form(s): Climber, liane, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 434 - 435.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 245. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 950. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 133, plate 174

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 79 - 80.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 164.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Mussaenda arcuata:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Mussaenda arcuata
Flora of Malawi: Mussaenda arcuata
Flora of Mozambique: Mussaenda arcuata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Mussaenda arcuata
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Mussaenda arcuata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Mussaenda arcuata
African Plant Database: Mussaenda arcuata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Mussaenda arcuata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Mussaenda arcuata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Mussaenda arcuata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Mussaenda arcuata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Mussaenda arcuata
JSTOR Plant Science: Mussaenda arcuata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Mussaenda arcuata
Plants of the World Online: Mussaenda arcuata
Tropicos: Mussaenda arcuata
Wikipedia: Mussaenda arcuata

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Mussaenda arcuata., retrieved 25 April 2024

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