Gardenia volkensii K. Schum.
subsp. spatulifolia (Stapf & Hutch.) Verdc.

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (11)

Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia

Drawing showing characteristics forGardenia volkensii
1976; Patricia Bingham

Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia

Drawing showing characteristics forGardenia volkensii
1976; Patricia Bingham

Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia

Drawing showing characteristics forGardenia volkensii
1976; Patricia Bingham

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gardenia spatulifolia Stapf & Hutch.
Common names:
Status: Native
Type location:
Notes: See subsp. volkensii var. volkensii for general details. This subsp. differs in the usually smaller fruit, which show no or only inconspicuous traces of ribbing
Derivation of specific name: volkensii: after G. Volkens who collected on Mt Kilimanjaro 1892, 1893 and 1894
Habitat: On sandy soils in open deciduous woodland, riverine bush and on floodplains, often associated with termite mounds.
Altitude range: 750 - 1200 m
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution:
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,C,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Carlisis wahlbergii (Food plant)
Deudorix dinochares (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 671 - 674.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 389 - 391. as Gardenia spathulifolia (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 612 - 613. as Gardenia volkensii (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Gardenia spatulifolia

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 416. (Includes a picture).

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 462 - 463. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 103. as Gardenia volkensii (Includes a picture).

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 116 - 117. as Gardenia volkensii (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 78 - 79. In error as Gardenia thunbergia probably refers to G. volkensii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 163.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 223.

Other sources of information about Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia
Flora of Malawi: Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gardenia volkensii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gardenia volkensii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gardenia volkensii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gardenia volkensii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gardenia volkensii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gardenia volkensii
JSTOR Plant Science: Gardenia volkensii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gardenia volkensii
Plants of the World Online: Gardenia volkensii
Tropicos: Gardenia volkensii
Wikipedia: Gardenia volkensii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gardenia volkensii subsp. spatulifolia., retrieved 14 June 2024

Site software last modified: 10 May 2018 10:51pm
Terms of use