Cremaspora triflora (Thonn.) K. Schum.
subsp. triflora

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Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora

Picture: Bart Wursten
By the Swynnerton Memorial, Chirinda Forest

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Synonyms: Psychotria triflora Thonn.
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Bark grey to pale brown; branches opposite above the leaf axils with a distinct round or heart-shaped leaf below the joint of the branches. Leaves opposite, elliptic to obovate, up to 12 × 5 cm, dark glossy green, hairless above, variously hairy or hairless below. Flowers in opposite axillary clusters, c. 1 cm in diameter, white with a green style. Fruit ellipsoid, up to 1.5 cm long, hairless or hairy, red when ripe, crowned with the persistent calyx.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: triflora: with flowers in threes
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest, often along streams.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Mc
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 523 - 525. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 969. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1073.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 100.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276. As Cremaspora triflora

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 88.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 162.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Pages 405 - 406.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 475.

Other sources of information about Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora
Flora of Malawi: Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora
Flora of Mozambique: Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cremaspora triflora
African Plant Database: Cremaspora triflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cremaspora triflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cremaspora triflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cremaspora triflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cremaspora triflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cremaspora triflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Cremaspora triflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cremaspora triflora
Plants of the World Online: Cremaspora triflora
Tropicos: Cremaspora triflora
Wikipedia: Cremaspora triflora

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Cremaspora triflora subsp. triflora., retrieved 25 May 2024

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