Zehneria scabra (L.f.) Sond.
subsp. scabra

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Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

Picture: Bart Wursten
Slope above Cavalo, Sanjunjira, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Bryonia scabra L.f.
Common names:
Status: Native
Prostrate or climbing herb with annual stems, up to 6 m long. Leaves more or less broadly ovate in outline, usually unlobed but occasionally 3-5-lobed, deep green and with rough hairs above, paler below, cordate at the base; margin prominently toothed. Flowers small, unisexual on different plants; male flowers in axillary clusters; female flowers solitary or in few-flowered clusters, white. Fruit in clusters, spherical, 8-13 mm in diameter, hairless, bright red when ripe.
Type location:
South Africa, Cape Province
Derivation of specific name: scabra: rough, referring to the leaf surface.
Habitat: In forest and on forest margins, riverine fringes and exotic plantations.
Altitude range: 600 - 2250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa, South Africa, Arabia, India, Java and the Philippines.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 135. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 59.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24. As Zehneria scabra

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 478 - 479.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 74.

Other sources of information about Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra
Flora of Mozambique: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zehneria scabra
African Plant Database: Zehneria scabra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zehneria scabra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zehneria scabra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zehneria scabra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zehneria scabra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zehneria scabra
JSTOR Plant Science: Zehneria scabra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zehneria scabra
Plants of the World Online: Zehneria scabra
Tropicos: Zehneria scabra
Wikipedia: Zehneria scabra

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Zehneria scabra subsp. scabra.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157030, retrieved 21 September 2023

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