Zehneria tridactyla (Hook. f.) R. & A. Fern.

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Zehneria tridactyla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

Zehneria tridactyla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

Zehneria tridactyla

Picture: Bart Wursten
Road from Mt Selinda to Espungabera border post

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Synonyms: Melothria tridactyla Hook. f.
Zeyhneria thwaitesii sensu Auct.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender scandent herb with annual stems arising from a perennial rootstock. Leaves variable, ovate to triangular in outline, more or less 3-lobed, finely rough above and on the veins below; margin entire or with a few small teeth. Flowers solitary, unisexual on the same plant, white fading to cream. Fruit 15-45 mm long, spindle-shaped, red when ripe.
Type location:
Syntypes Angola, Congo, Mozambique
Notes: The African populations were previously included under the broadly defined name Zeyhneria thwaitesii. That species is now considered purely Asian while the African and Malagasy species is now known by the reinstated name Z. tridactyla.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Riverine forest
Altitude range: 400 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 26 February 2012

Brauchler, C., Dwivedi, M.,D. & Schaeffer, H. (2016). Notes on the identity and typification of Zehneria thwaitesii (Schweinf.) C.Jeffrey and Zehneria tridactyla (Hook.f.) R. Fern. & A. Fern. (Cucurbitaceae) Phytotaxa 284(2)

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 52. as Zeyhneria thwaitesii

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 483. as Zeyhneria thwaitesii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 39. as Zeyhneria thwaitesii

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 45. as Zeyhneria thwaitesii

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 74. as Zeyhneria thwaitesii

Other sources of information about Zehneria tridactyla:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Zehneria tridactyla
Flora of Malawi: Zehneria tridactyla
Flora of Mozambique: Zehneria tridactyla
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zehneria tridactyla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zehneria tridactyla
African Plant Database: Zehneria tridactyla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zehneria tridactyla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zehneria tridactyla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zehneria tridactyla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zehneria tridactyla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zehneria tridactyla
JSTOR Plant Science: Zehneria tridactyla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zehneria tridactyla
Plants of the World Online: Zehneria tridactyla
Tropicos: Zehneria tridactyla
Wikipedia: Zehneria tridactyla

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Zehneria tridactyla.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=157050, retrieved 20 April 2024

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