Kedrostis leloja (Forssk.) C. Jeffrey

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Kedrostis leloja

Picture: Bart Wursten

Kedrostis leloja

Picture: Bart Wursten

Kedrostis leloja

Picture: Bart Wursten

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Synonyms: Kedrostis hirtella (Naudin) Cogn.
Kedrostis natalensis (Hook. f.) Meeuse
Rhynchocarpa hirtella Naud.
Toxanthera kwebensis N.E. Br.
Toxanthera lugardae N.E. Br.
Toxanthera natalensis Hook. f.
Turia leloja J.F. Gmel.
Common names:
Status: Native
Climbing herb with stems up to 2 m long, growing from a tuberous rootstock. Stems shortly bristly hairy. Tendrils simple or 2-fid. Leaves broadly ovate to pentagonal in outline, unlobed to more or less deeply 3-5-lobed, up to 7.5 × 11 cm, shortly rough hairy on both surfaces, usually more densely beneath, broadly cordate at the base; petiole up to 6 cm long. Flowers unisexual at different nodes on the same plant. Male flowers 5-20 in axillary racemes on peduncles 1.5-9 cm long; petals 2-5 mm long, cream, yellow or greenish-yellow. Female flowers solitary, axillary; petals 2.5-8 mm long. Fruit cylindric-fusiform, up to 6.5 cm long, beaked, green, often spotted pale green or white, ripening to red and splitting longitudinally.
Type location:
Notes: Some forms are generally much weaker looking with shorter stems, smaller flowers and leaves, simple tendrils and fruit with a longer beak, often found at lower altitudes. These were formerly regarded as K. leloja (s.s.) while more robust plants were named K. hirtella. The two taxa are now regarded as the same under K. leloja as the older, accepted name.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Drier deciduous woodland
Altitude range: Up to 1350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, South Africa and Yemen
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 9 January 2016

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Jeffrey, C. (1978). Cucurbitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 484 - 486. K. leloja and K. hirtella treated separately (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 38.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 205. as Kedrostis hirtella

Other sources of information about Kedrostis leloja:

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Flora of Botswana: Kedrostis leloja
Flora of Caprivi: Kedrostis leloja
Flora of Malawi: Kedrostis leloja
Flora of Mozambique: Kedrostis leloja
Flora of Zimbabwe: Kedrostis leloja

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Kedrostis leloja
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Kedrostis leloja
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Kedrostis leloja
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Kedrostis leloja
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Kedrostis leloja
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Kedrostis leloja
JSTOR Plant Science: Kedrostis leloja
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Kedrostis leloja
Plants of the World Online: Kedrostis leloja
Tropicos: Kedrostis leloja
Wikipedia: Kedrostis leloja

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Kedrostis leloja., retrieved 26 September 2023

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