Bothriocline laxa N.E. Br.
subsp. laxa

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Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Lusaka, Jellis' farm
Apr 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Leopards Hill Road, Naulungu River
Apr 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Protea Hill Farm
May 2010
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Erlangea laxa (N.E. Br.) S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Widespread
An erect annual herb, 0.1-1.2 m. tall. Leaves opposite, the uppermost alternate, margins serrate to coarsely serrate-dentate the teeth usually callose-tipped, both surfaces finely pilose-strigose often sparsely so or glabrescent, gland-dotted. Capitula small, in few to numerous clusters of 3-12-capitulate lax corymbiform cymes.
Type location:
Syntypes from Transvaal and Malawi
Notes: Conservation status: widespread, not threatened
Derivation of specific name: laxa: open, loose, lax
Habitat: Ruderal; miombo and other woodland types; montane grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, D. R. Congo,Zambia,Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa (Transvaal)
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 6 July 2016

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 86.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6. As Bothriocline laxa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 164 - 166. As Bothriocline laxa (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) Pages 111 - 112.

Other sources of information about Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa
Flora of Mozambique: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bothriocline laxa
African Plant Database: Bothriocline laxa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bothriocline laxa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bothriocline laxa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bothriocline laxa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bothriocline laxa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bothriocline laxa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bothriocline laxa
iNaturalist: Bothriocline laxa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bothriocline laxa
JSTOR Plant Science: Bothriocline laxa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bothriocline laxa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bothriocline laxa
Plants of the World Online: Bothriocline laxa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bothriocline laxa
Tropicos: Bothriocline laxa
Wikipedia: Bothriocline laxa

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa., retrieved 17 November 2019

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