Bothriocline laxa N.E. Br.
subsp. laxa

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Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Lusaka, Jellis' farm
Apr 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Leopards Hill Road, Naulungu River
Apr 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

Protea Hill Farm
May 2010
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Erlangea laxa (N.E. Br.) S. Moore
Common names:
Frequency: Widespread
Status:
Description:
An erect annual herb, 0.1-1.2 m. tall. Leaves opposite, the uppermost alternate, margins serrate to coarsely serrate-dentate the teeth usually callose-tipped, both surfaces finely pilose-strigose often sparsely so or glabrescent, gland-dotted. Capitula small, in few to numerous clusters of 3-12-capitulate lax corymbiform cymes.
Type location:
Syntypes from Transvaal and Malawi
Notes: Conservation status: widespread, not threatened
Derivation of specific name: laxa: open, loose, lax
Habitat: Ruderal; miombo and other woodland types; montane grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, D. R. Congo,Zambia,Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa (Transvaal)
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,Mc,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 6 July 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 86.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10. As Bothriocline laxa

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6. As Bothriocline laxa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 164 - 166. As Bothriocline laxa (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) Pages 111 - 112.

Other sources of information about Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa
Flora of Mozambique: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bothriocline laxa
African Plant Database: Bothriocline laxa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bothriocline laxa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bothriocline laxa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bothriocline laxa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bothriocline laxa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bothriocline laxa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bothriocline laxa
iNaturalist: Bothriocline laxa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bothriocline laxa
JSTOR Plant Science: Bothriocline laxa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bothriocline laxa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bothriocline laxa
Plants of the World Online: Bothriocline laxa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Bothriocline laxa
Tropicos: Bothriocline laxa
Wikipedia: Bothriocline laxa


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Bothriocline laxa subsp. laxa.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=158050, retrieved 2 October 2020

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