Vernonia kirkii Oliv. & Hiern

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Vernonia kirkii

Blue Lagoon National Park
Jul 2000
Photo: Mike Bingham

Vernonia kirkii

Kafue Fisheries
Aug 1990
Photo: Mike Bingham

Vernonia kirkii

Nsefu National Park
Jun 1993
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Synonyms: Vernonia swynnertonii S. Moore
Vernonia zambesiaca S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
“An erect annual herb” (FZ) (“Bushy perennial herb” ZF), up to 60(150) cm tall. Stems ribbed, pubescent, branching above. Leaves sessile, linear-elliptic up to c. 16 × 2 cm, mostly less than 1 cm wide, hairy above, pubescent and minutely gland-pitted on both surfaces, often more so beneath; margin entire or finely and sparsely toothed, often rolled under. Capitula on long stiff stalks, up to 11 cm long, together forming a lax corymbose or subpaniculate head. Involucral bracts many-seriate, 2-11 mm long, glandular on the outside, especially towards the apices. Florets purple, up to 11 mm long.
Type location:
Syntypes from Mozambique
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk, who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858
Habitat: Floodplain grassland on clay, Acacia and mopane woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Mc,E,C,Lk,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 27 July 2016

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 35.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 34.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Page 138.

Wild, H. (1978). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 8. Vernonieae (Vernonia). Kirkia 11(1) Pages 66 - 67.

Other sources of information about Vernonia kirkii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vernonia kirkii
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia kirkii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia kirkii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia kirkii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia kirkii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vernonia kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia kirkii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia kirkii
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia kirkii
Tropicos: Vernonia kirkii
Wikipedia: Vernonia kirkii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Vernonia kirkii., retrieved 4 March 2024

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