Vernonia natalensis Sch. Bip. ex Walp.

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Vernonia natalensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Vernonia natalensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms: Hilliardiella aristata (DC.) H. Rob.
Vernonia pseudonatalensis Wild
Vernonia smithiana sensu Wild p.p.
Webbia aristata DC.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect perennial herb up to 1.2 m high with many annual stems, mostly unbranched, growing from a woody rootstock. Whole plant densely covered in silvery-grey appressed T-shaped hairs.Leaves numerous along the stems, linear-lanceolate or elliptic, mostly 3-10 cm long, silvery-grey or greenish-grey hairy. Capitula numerous in a terminal sub-corymbose head. Florets bright purple.
Type location:
South Africa
Notes: It is quite attractive, even when not in flower, due to its velvety, silvery foliage.
Derivation of specific name: natalensis: of Natal, South Africa
Habitat: In (sub) montane grassland and bracken scrub or in vleis, grassland and miombo woodland, often are a pyrophytic species, coming up and flowering after fires.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Late Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,C,E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): N,Mc,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 203. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 176 - 177. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 111.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 58.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 95 - 97. (Includes a picture).

Wild, H. (1978). New and interesting Vernonia species from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 11(1) Pages 11 - 12. Protologue as Vernonia pseudonatalensis

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 90.

Other sources of information about Vernonia natalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vernonia natalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Vernonia natalensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vernonia natalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vernonia natalensis
African Plant Database: Vernonia natalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vernonia natalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vernonia natalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vernonia natalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vernonia natalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vernonia natalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vernonia natalensis
iNaturalist: Vernonia natalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vernonia natalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Vernonia natalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vernonia natalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vernonia natalensis
Plants of the World Online: Vernonia natalensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vernonia natalensis
Tropicos: Vernonia natalensis
Wikipedia: Vernonia natalensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Vernonia natalensis., retrieved 6 August 2020

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