Gnaphalium purpureum L.

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Gnaphalium purpureum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Gnaphalium purpureum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Synonyms: Gamochaeta pensylvanica (Willd.) Cabrera
Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera
Gnaphalium pensylvanicum Willd.
Common names:
Status: Introduced
Probably annual or biennial, white woolly herb with erect stem up to 40 cm tall. Leaves spathulate-obovate, up to 8 × 2 cm, decreasing in size towards the stem apex; margin entire or subentire. Inflorescence in a terminal spike with leaf-like bracts. Involucral bracts c. 3-seriate, lanceolate-oblong, c. 3 mm long. Florets small, numerous, brownish.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: purpureum: purple
Habitat: In gardens and damp disturbed places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: A native of the warmer parts of North America down to Argentina, it is now a widespread weed throughout the tropics,
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lk
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 27. As Gamochaeta pennsylvatica

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 146. As Gamochaeta pennsylvanica

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 25.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 30. As Gamochaeta purpurea

Wild, H. (1980). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area, 12. Inuleae (continued). Kirkia 12(1) Page 73. As Gnaphalium pennsylvanicum

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 89.

Other sources of information about Gnaphalium purpureum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Gnaphalium purpureum
Flora of Malawi: Gnaphalium purpureum
Flora of Mozambique: Gnaphalium purpureum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gnaphalium purpureum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gnaphalium purpureum
African Plant Database: Gnaphalium purpureum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gnaphalium purpureum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gnaphalium purpureum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gnaphalium purpureum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gnaphalium purpureum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gnaphalium purpureum
JSTOR Plant Science: Gnaphalium purpureum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gnaphalium purpureum
Plants of the World Online: Gnaphalium purpureum
Tropicos: Gnaphalium purpureum
Wikipedia: Gnaphalium purpureum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Gnaphalium purpureum., retrieved 21 April 2024

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