Lipotriche scandens (Schumach.) Orchard
subsp. madagascariensis (Baker) D.J.N.Hind

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Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Island 2, Katombora, Zambezi

Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis

Picture: Bart Wursten
Island 2, Katombora, Zambezi

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Synonyms: Melanthera madagascariensis Baker
Melanthera scandens (Schumach.) Roberty subsp. madagascariensis (Baker) Wild
Melanthera scandens (Schumach.) Roberty subsp. subsimplicifola Wild
Melanthera swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Scandent annual or perennial herb, up to 3 m. Stems and branches often 4-angular. Leaves on fairly long petioles, narrowly oblong-ovate, more or less lobed at the basal angles; margin irregularly crenate-dentate. Inflorescences terminal. Capitula terminal, singly or in groups, orange-yellow with ray-florets c. 17 mm. See subsp. subsimplicifolia for comparison
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: scandens: climbing or attempting to climb;
madagascariensis: of Madagascar
Habitat: In swamps and near rivers.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Ethiopia South to Angola, Botswana, DRC, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Also in Madagascar
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb,N,C,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 172 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 738 - 740. As Melanthera scandens madagascariensis (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 218. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 26.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 36. as Melanthera madagascariensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 57.

Wild, H. (1965). The African species of the genus Melanthera Rohr Kirkia 5(1) Pages 5 - 8.

Wild, H. (1967). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) Pages 50 - 52.

Other sources of information about Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Caprivi: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Malawi: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Mozambique: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lipotriche scandens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lipotriche scandens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lipotriche scandens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lipotriche scandens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Lipotriche scandens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lipotriche scandens
JSTOR Plant Science: Lipotriche scandens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lipotriche scandens
Plants of the World Online: Lipotriche scandens
Tropicos: Lipotriche scandens
Wikipedia: Lipotriche scandens

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Lipotriche scandens subsp. madagascariensis., retrieved 3 December 2023

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