Crassocephalum rubens (Jacq.) S. Moore
var. rubens

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Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd nr Westaway

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Vumba Rd nr Westaway

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

Picture: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gynura cernua Benth.
Gynura rubens (Jacq.) Muschl.
Senecio cernuus L. f.
Senecio rubens Jacq.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect herb, 30-70 cm. Leaves up to 11 × 4 cm, but often smaller, varying from simple, ovate, elliptic or obovate to (more commonly) lyrate-pinnatifid, sometimes auriculate; margin irregularly serrate or dentate. Capitula 10-12 × 5-8 mm, 1.5-2 times as long as broad, purple, blue, magenta, usually solitary; inner phyllaries 9-11 × 1 mm. Ovaries and achenes hairy.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In dry places, sand veld, woodland, on kopjes and also in vleis and by streams.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: West Africa from Liberia to Cameroon, Sudan, Ethiopia and southwards to South Africa; Madagascar, Comoro and Mascarane Islands.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca):
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,Lk,W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Beentje, H.J. & Ghazanfar, S.A. (eds.) (2005). Compositae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 608 - 609.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 89.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 10.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 30. As Crassocephalum rubens

Jeffrey, C. (1986). The Senecioneae in East Tropical Africa: Notes on Compositae: IV Kew Bulletin 41(4) Pages 907 - 908. As Crassocephalum rubens

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 24. as Crassocephalum rubens

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Page 157. As Crassocephalum rubens (Includes a picture).

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 29. As Crassocephalum rubens

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 52.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 203.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 65. as Crassocephalum rubens (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 88.

Other sources of information about Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Malawi: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Mozambique: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crassocephalum rubens
African Plant Database: Crassocephalum rubens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crassocephalum rubens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crassocephalum rubens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crassocephalum rubens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crassocephalum rubens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crassocephalum rubens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crassocephalum rubens
iNaturalist: Crassocephalum rubens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crassocephalum rubens
JSTOR Plant Science: Crassocephalum rubens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crassocephalum rubens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crassocephalum rubens
Plants of the World Online: Crassocephalum rubens
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crassocephalum rubens
Tropicos: Crassocephalum rubens
Wikipedia: Crassocephalum rubens

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Crassocephalum rubens var. rubens., retrieved 19 February 2020

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