Taraxacum sp. agg.

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Taraxacum sp.

Picture: Bart Wursten
Hillside Park, Harare

Taraxacum sp.

Picture: Bart Wursten
Arundel School Road, Harare

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Introduced
Description:
Scapes 1-40 cm, stout. Basal leaves: lamina 5-11 × 1.5-3.5 cm, oblanceolate in outline, dentate to runcinate-pinnatifid, glabrous or ± pubescent. Capitula solitary, terminal. Involucre up to c.15 × 9 mm. Phyllaries: inner up to 14 mm, linear-lanceolate with a scarious margin; outer shorter. Corolla yellow. Achenes 2.5-3 mm, pale to dark brown, oblanceolate in outline, 10-14-ribbed, antrorsely muricate or echinate above with an apical beak, 4-7 mm. Pappus setae 4-6 mm.
Type location:
Notes: The genus is here treated as one variable aggregate species. However, many hundreds of microspecies, which mostly arise from the apomictic method of reproduction, have been described. It is not known which of these occur in Zambia.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Lawns, playing fields and on roadsides, preferring areas which are watered during the winter.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native of the northern hemisphere but also occurring in Australia, and South America.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Cb
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34. As Taraxacum officinale

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 28. as Taraxacum officinale sensu lato

Pope, G.V. (1992). Compositae Flora Zambesiaca 6(1) Pages 212 - 214. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Taraxacum sp.:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Taraxacum sp.
Flora of Mozambique: Taraxacum sp.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Taraxacum sp.

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Taraxacum sp.
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Taraxacum sp.
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Taraxacum sp.
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Taraxacum sp.
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Taraxacum sp.
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Taraxacum sp.
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Taraxacum sp.
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Taraxacum sp.
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Taraxacum sp.
Ispot Southern Africa: Taraxacum sp.
JSTOR Plant Science: Taraxacum sp.
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Taraxacum sp.
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Taraxacum sp.
The Plant List (version 1.1): Taraxacum sp.
Tropicos: Taraxacum sp.


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Taraxacum sp..
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=162070, retrieved 23 July 2019

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