Tricalysia niamniamensis Hiern

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Tricalysia niamniamensis

Picture: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

Tricalysia niamniamensis

Picture: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

Tricalysia niamniamensis

Picture: Mark Hyde
Christon Bank

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Synonyms: Tricalysia angolensis sensu R.B. Drumm. non A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Native
Deciduous shrub or small tree. Bark pale brown, often slightly scaling; branches often with knobbly leaf scars, velvety when young. Leaves opposite, ovate, elliptic to obovate, up to 9 × 4 cm, pale green, usually covered with short soft hairs, sometimes only hairy on the midrib; hair-tuft domatia present; petiole 1-6 mm, velvety. Flowers in tight c. 5-flowered heads along the branches, strongly scented, appearing before the leaves. Corolla greenish-white to cream, 1-1.5cm in diameter. Fruit almost round, c. 7 mm in diameter, crowned with the remains of the calyx, red when ripe.
Type location:
Notes: Note: the division of this species in varieties or subspecies by various authors is confusing to say the least. We therefore maintain here as an single aggregate species for the time being.
Derivation of specific name: niamniamensis: described from a collection by George Schweinfurth in 1870 in the ‘Lande der Niamniam’. Niam Niam extended ± from Lake Chad to the White Nile in what is now South Sudan and in DRC to the equator.
Habitat: In open woodland, most often on koppies and rocky hillsides
Altitude range: 750 - 1520 m
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): E
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 492 - 493. As Tricalysia niamniamensis nodosa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 275. As Tricalysia angolensis

Other sources of information about Tricalysia niamniamensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora of Mozambique: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tricalysia niamniamensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tricalysia niamniamensis
African Plant Database: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Tricalysia niamniamensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tricalysia niamniamensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tricalysia niamniamensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tricalysia niamniamensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tricalysia niamniamensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Tricalysia niamniamensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tricalysia niamniamensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tricalysia niamniamensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tricalysia niamniamensis
Tropicos: Tricalysia niamniamensis

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Tricalysia niamniamensis., retrieved 19 March 2018

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