Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia Pax[Agg]

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Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Drawing showing characteristics forPseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Male flowers
Drawing showing characteristics forPseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Fruit
Drawing showing characteristics forPseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Lusaka 1976: Patricia Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Tree in flower, full of bees;
Lusaka; Oct 2010
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Bark of young tree;
Aug 2002
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Exposed roots;
Sep 2012
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Female flowers;
Lusaka; Oct 2011
Photo: Mike Bingham

Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

Fruits and seeds;
Lusaka; Jul 2011
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Kabalabala (Kaonde) Msolo (Nyanja) Mukunku (Tonga: Zambia) Mukuñu (Lozi) Musalya (Lunda) Musangati (Bemba) Musolo (Bemba) Musolo (Tonga: Zambia)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Small tree. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate to rounded; margin entire. The leaves display bright autumn colours of yellow or red. Flowers in few-flowered axillary clusters, small and inconspicuous, pale green, unisexual on separate trees. Fruit ovoid to subspherical, slightly grooved, consisting of a 3-locular woody capsule enclosed in a leathery test, yellow when ripe.
Type location:
Notes: A variable species with at least three varieties recorded for our region, the variation being chiefly in the indumentum. All varieties are widespread and hardly differ in their ecology. Since we have many records where the variety has not been determined, we have created this aggregate taxon to accommodate these records.
Pollinator:The flowers are very attractive to honeybees.
Seed dispersal:Ungulates ingest the fruits to digest the leathery test, and spit out the woody capsules, which split to release the seeds. Rodents, notably the Gambian Pouched Rat, eat the seeds. The seeds survive passage through the gut of elephants.
Parasite:The mistletoe Tapipyllum erianthus (Sprague) Danser
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In deciduous woodland, wooded grassland, riverine fringes and on rocky outcrops.
Altitude range: Up to 1620 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From DRC, Burundi and Tanzania to Namibia and northern South Africa.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,E,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Cb,Lp,N,Mc,E,C,Lk,S,W
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Abantis paradisea (Food plant)
Anaphe reticulata (Lepidoptera using as larval foodplant)
Deudorix dinochares (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 February 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 149. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 176 - 179. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 11.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare.

Fanshawe, D.B. (). District vegetation reports Division of Forest Research, Kitwe (roneo).

Fanshawe, D.B. (1971). The Vegetation of Zambia. Division of Forest Research, Kitwe.

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 37. (Includes a picture).

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press.

White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa. A descriptive memoir. UNESCO, Paris

Other sources of information about Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Flora of Caprivi: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Flora of Malawi: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
African Plant Database: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia
Tropicos: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-18

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2018). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pseudolachnostylis maprouneifolia.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164220, retrieved 21 July 2018

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