Pyrenacantha kirkii Baill.

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Pyrenacantha kirkii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near the Chiniziua River, Cheringoma, Sofala

Pyrenacantha kirkii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near the Chiniziua River, Cheringoma, Sofala

Pyrenacantha kirkii

Picture: Bart Wursten
Near the Chiniziua River, Cheringoma, Sofala

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial twining herb. Stems velvety. Leaves variable, broadly elliptic or rhombic, often more or less 3-lobed near the apex, glossy dark green and hairless above, paler and sparsely appressed hairy below; petiole up to 1 cm long. Flowers in axillary spikes, small, unisexual. Male flowers numerous in rather loose spikes up to 9 cm long. Female spikes shorter with fewer flowers on a somewhat swollen rhachis and a peduncle up to 2.5 cm long. Fruits in clusters of 2-5, bright orange when ripe.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: kirkii: named after Dr John Kirk (1832-1922), who accompanied David Livingstone on his Zambezi expedition of 1858.
Habitat: In forest and dense woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 820 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 76.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Mendes, E.J. (1963). Icacinaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Page 351.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 68.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Other sources of information about Pyrenacantha kirkii:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pyrenacantha kirkii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pyrenacantha kirkii
African Plant Database: Pyrenacantha kirkii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pyrenacantha kirkii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pyrenacantha kirkii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pyrenacantha kirkii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pyrenacantha kirkii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pyrenacantha kirkii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pyrenacantha kirkii
iNaturalist: Pyrenacantha kirkii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pyrenacantha kirkii
JSTOR Plant Science: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Plants of the World Online: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Tropicos: Pyrenacantha kirkii
Wikipedia: Pyrenacantha kirkii

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Pyrenacantha kirkii., retrieved 8 February 2023

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