Monactinocephalus shirensis Oliv.

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Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

Monactinocephalus shirensis

Picture: Penny English
Near the Thazima offices, Nyika National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust perennial herb, up to more than 1.5 m high. Stem simple, erect, densely hairy with tubercle-based hairs. Leaves at the base broadly oblong-elliptic, up to 45 cm long, hairy with tubercle-based hairs, more densely so on the veins and midrib beneath; margin crenate-sinuate; petiole hairy, up to 5 cm long. Leaves along the stem lanceolate, up to 7 cm long, sessile and clasping the stem. Inflorescence terminal and axillary clusters of 1-5 capitula. Involucres up to 5.5 cm wide, more or less hemispheric, flattened at the base; bracts in 5 or more series, outer ovate-lanceolate, c. 1.5 cm long, densely hairy outside; inner bracts narrower and longer, up to 2.5 cm. Ray-florets numerous, yellow, 3-toothed at the apex; disk-florets up to 1 cm long, yellow.
Type location:
Shire Highlands, Malawi
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: shirensis: of the Shire Highlands in Malawi.
Habitat: In montane grassland, Miombo woodland and along edges of dambos.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Congo-Brazzaville, DRC, Rwanda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W,C
Zambian distribution (Provinces):
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 99. As Inula shirensis

Gutiérrez-Larruscain, D., Santos-Vicente, M., Anderberg, A.A., Rico, E. & Martínez-Ortega, M.M. (2018). Phylogeny of the Inula group (Asteraceae: Inuleae): Evidence from nuclear and plastid genomes and a recircumscription of Pentanema Taxon 67(1) Page 158.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 31. As Inula shirensis

Wild, H. (1980). The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area, 12. Inuleae (continued). Kirkia 12(1) Pages 43 - 44. As Inula shirensis

Other sources of information about Monactinocephalus shirensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Flora of Mozambique: Monactinocephalus shirensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Monactinocephalus shirensis
African Plant Database: Monactinocephalus shirensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Monactinocephalus shirensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Monactinocephalus shirensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Monactinocephalus shirensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Monactinocephalus shirensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Monactinocephalus shirensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Monactinocephalus shirensis
iNaturalist: Monactinocephalus shirensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Monactinocephalus shirensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Plants of the World Online: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Tropicos: Monactinocephalus shirensis
Wikipedia: Monactinocephalus shirensis


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-20

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2020). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Monactinocephalus shirensis.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=171490, retrieved 20 October 2020

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