Sterculia tragacantha Lindl.

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Sterculia tragacantha

Jul 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia tragacantha

Jul 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia tragacantha

Jul 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia tragacantha

Jul 2014.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia tragacantha

Male flowers;
Lusaka, grown from seed Nchelenge; Sep 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

Sterculia tragacantha

Male flowers;
Lusaka, grown from seed Nchelenge; Sep 2008.
Photo: Mike Bingham

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Sterculia ambacensis Welw. ex Hiern
Common names: Munone (Bemba) Munone (Lunda)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native & cultivated
Description:
Tree up to 15 m. tall with thick branches and a dense crown. Young shoots and petioles rusty-brown tomentose. Leaves crowded at the branch tips, simple, unlobed, broadly oblong to oblong-obovate, concolorous, glabrescent above, rusty tomentose below. Panicles axillary and terminal, Calyx lobes separating to about half way while remaining joined at the tips, cream with a thin violet pubescence.
Type location:
Sierra Leone
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: tragacanth – Gum tragacanth is obtained from species of leguminous shrubs of the genus Astragalus.
Habitat: Riverine forest, lake shore thickets.
Altitude range: 1200 m (approx)
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: Tropical West Africa, Tanzania, Katanga, Angola.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,Lp,N
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 7 July 2014
Literature:

Fowler, D.G. (2007). Zambian Plants: Their Vernacular Names and Uses, Kew Publishing

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Storrs, A.E.G. (1995). Know Your Trees Regional Soil Conservation Unit. Page 100.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 247.

Wild, H. (1960-1). Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 556. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Sterculia tragacantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Sterculia tragacantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sterculia tragacantha
African Plant Database: Sterculia tragacantha
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Sterculia tragacantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sterculia tragacantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sterculia tragacantha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sterculia tragacantha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sterculia tragacantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sterculia tragacantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sterculia tragacantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sterculia tragacantha
Ispot Southern Africa: Sterculia tragacantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Sterculia tragacantha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sterculia tragacantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sterculia tragacantha
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sterculia tragacantha
Tropicos: Sterculia tragacantha


Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-19

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2019). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Sterculia tragacantha.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=173310, retrieved 26 May 2019

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