Homalium africanum (Hook. f.) Benth.

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Homalium africanum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Itindi Community, Oriental, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Homalium africanum

Picture: Bart Wursten
Itindi Community, Oriental, DR Congo. © Botanic Garden Meise

Homalium africanum

Katanga Province, DRC
Oct 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Homalium africanum

Katanga Province, DRC
Sep 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Homalium africanum

Katanga Province, DRC
Sep 2007
Photo: Jos Stevens

Specimen citations: Display citations Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Blackwellia africana Hook. f.
Homalium molle Stapf var. rhodesicum R.E. Fr.
Homalium sarcopetalum Pierre
Common names:
Frequency: Very occasional.
Status: Native
Hairless shrub or occasionally a small tree. Branches arching, often overhanging water. Leaves elliptic-oblong, 12-26 cm long, leathery; margin more or less shallowly crenate; petiole up to 1.2 cm long. inflorescence terminal, laxly branched, up to c. 25 cm long and 15 cm wide. Flowers 5-merous, creamy-white, in dense clusters along the inflorescence branches; sepals 1.2 mm long, narrowly triangular, finely velvety; petals c. 2 × 1.3 mm, spathulate or oblong-ovate, densely velvety. Fruit c. 7 mm in diameter, with petals persisting, somewhat enlarged.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: africanum: African.
Habitat: Near streams and rivers in evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Guinea (Conakry) to DRC, Angola, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): N,W
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Lp,N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 3 August 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 645. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 74. as Homalium sarcopetalum

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 95.

Sleumer, H. (1973). Révision du genre Homalium Jacq. (Flacourtiaceae) en Afrique (y compris Madagascar et les Mascareignes) Bulletin du Jardinbotanique national de Belgique 43(3/4) Pages 281 - 289.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 105.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 273.

Wild, H. (1960). Flacourtiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 290 - 291. Also as H. sarcopetalum & H. molle

Wild, H. & Vidigal, M.P. (1973). 16. Flacourtiaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Page 32. as Homalium sarcopetalum

Other sources of information about Homalium africanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Homalium africanum
Flora of Mozambique: Homalium africanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Homalium africanum
African Plant Database: Homalium africanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Homalium africanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Homalium africanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Homalium africanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Homalium africanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Homalium africanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Homalium africanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Homalium africanum
Plants of the World Online: Homalium africanum
Tropicos: Homalium africanum
Wikipedia: Homalium africanum

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-23

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2023). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Homalium africanum.
https://www.zambiaflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=175810, retrieved 28 November 2023

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