Rothmannia engleriana (K. Schum.) Keay

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Rothmannia engleriana

Drawing Doreen Bolnick

Rothmannia engleriana

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

Rothmannia engleriana

Lusaka 1976
Drawing: Patricia Bingham

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Synonyms: Randia engleriana K. Schum.
Randia kuhniana F. Hoffm. & K. Schum.
Rothmannia engleriana (K.Schum.) Keay var. ternifolia Ficalho & Hiern) Somers & Robbr.
Rothmannia katentaniae De Wild.
Rothmannia kuhniana (F. Hoffm. & K. Schum.) Fagerl.
Rothmannia lacourtiana De Wild.
Rothmannia lemairei De Wild.
Rothmannia ternifolia Ficalho & Hiern
Common names: Muneko (Lenje) Muneko (Lunda) Muneko (Luvale) Musyiba-mpulu (Ila) Musyiba-mpulu (Nkoya) Mwinebala (Bemba)
Status: Native
Small tree with a cracked reddish bark. Leaves opposite but sometimes appearing 3-whorled, oblanceolate, elliptic or obovate, 9-30 cm long, leathery, hairless above, sometimes slightly pubescent beneath; domatia usually present; petiole 3-15 mm long, more or less velvety.; stipules 3-angular, long acuminate, 4-5 mm long. Flowers in terminal, 3-17-flowered inflorescences, pendulous, sweetly scented. Corolla white with red-purple spots at the throat, golden velvety outside; tube 4.7-7.2 cm long, shortly cylindric and bell-shaped above widening up to 4.7 cm at the mouth; ovate, up to 3.5 cm long, whitish hairy inside. Fruit globose to ellipsoid, 2-4.6 cm long, rust-coloured, flaking, calyx limb persistent at the apex.
Type location:
Derivation of specific name: engleriana: named after Dr Prof Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (1844-1930), German Director of the Royal Botanical Gardens in Berlin, who initiated extensive botanical exploration in Africa.
Habitat: In Brachystegia-Uapaca woodland, dry woodland or bushland, on rocky hills and kopjes and occasionally in forest.
Altitude range: 550 - 1770 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Burundi, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique and Zambia.
Zambian distribution (Flora Zambesiaca): B,N,W,C,S
Zambian distribution (Provinces): Nw,N,Lk,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 October 2014

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 657 - 659. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 959. (Includes a picture).

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 40 - 41. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 168.

Other sources of information about Rothmannia engleriana:

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Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Rothmannia engleriana
Flora of Malawi: Rothmannia engleriana
Flora of Mozambique: Rothmannia engleriana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rothmannia engleriana
African Plant Database: Rothmannia engleriana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rothmannia engleriana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rothmannia engleriana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rothmannia engleriana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rothmannia engleriana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rothmannia engleriana
JSTOR Plant Science: Rothmannia engleriana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rothmannia engleriana
Plants of the World Online: Rothmannia engleriana
Tropicos: Rothmannia engleriana
Wikipedia: Rothmannia engleriana

Copyright: Mike Bingham, Annette Willemen, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Mark Hyde, 2011-24

Bingham, M.G., Willemen, A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. and Hyde, M.A. (2024). Flora of Zambia: Species information: Rothmannia engleriana., retrieved 18 July 2024

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